The way in which the decision is made is as important as the resulting decision. The process of group deliberation, however, has many common elements that are definitive of consensus decision making. Decision-making methods are a vital part of any groups’ identity and functionality, yet they can often be taken for granted or put into place without much consideration. It could be a formal proposal, but most of the time it’s just an idea, not yet fully formed. Introduce the issue: Start the meeting by explaining what the issue is and what decision is required. Click the icons below to be taken to a complete page for each value: Q: Where can I get more information about your philosophies for world change? This can also be described as people no longer coming from “The Loving,” or “involving their egos,” or “running an agenda.”. The benefits of consensus decision making are lost, however, if the final decision is made without regard to the efforts of the whole group. One example is the CODM model (consensus-oriented decision making). Some common guidelines for the use of blocking include: Agreement vs. We highly recommend this approach because it saves us hundreds, if not thousands, of hours of collaborative decision making time. The Consensus Oriented Decision Making Model is developed by psychologist Tim Hartnett, who works as a professional group employee, mediator and family therapist. They vary in the amount of detail the steps describe. Consensus decision-making can cause a group to agree to the lowest common denominator—a solution or decision that satisfies the team members' need to agree—but is definitely not optimal for the business. While the Focus Hub involves more of the work being done in the 12 areas, there still is a group support that takes place there, and, if there is an issue where one is lapsing from that consciousness of The Highest Good, it will be obvious to the group. Consensus decision s tend to be the default method though that teams use when they don’t know they are making a decision. Consensus decision making is a decision-making process used by some cooperatives. Alternatively, a group member can choose to stand aside. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also the resolution or mitigation of minority objections. Super majority thresholds (90%, 80%, 75%, two-thirds, and 60% are common). It is a mechanism that a leader can use to gather pertinent information before making a decision. Consensus is usually defined as meaning both general agreement, and the process of getting to such agreement. Some key guidelines for consensus decision making are: Approach the decision on the basis of logic and reason. Consensus is usually defined as meaning both: a) general agreement, and b) the process of getting to such agreement. Decisions reached through consensus are often more accurate, because they efficiently utilize the diverse information possessed by group members 1, 2, 3.A trust in consensus decision making underlies many of our democratic political and judicial institutions , as well as the design of web tools such as Google, Wikipedia, and prediction markets 5, 6. After reading this article or watching the video, you can test your knowledge by taking this POST-TEST. Proposals are not collaboratively developed, and consensus is not a primary objective. Consensus decision-making highlights the process of making decisions, not just the result. One Community considers consensus decision making a foundation of what we will be open source sharing as a self-governance option for those interested in this component of Highest Good society and creating and living for The Highest Good of All. Consensus means considering what actions would be for The Highest Good of All and how each of us can move beyond our own mental or emotional reactions or positions. Groups using this process commit themselves to the goal of generating as much agreement as possible. By listening closely to each other, the group aims to come up with proposals that work for everyone. These instructions will guide you through that process. Better Group Relationships: A cooperative, collaborative group atmosphere fosters greater group cohesion and interpersonal connection. Please read them here. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It is a method by which an entire group of people can come to an agreement. Consensus is neither co… These differences are expressed in the articles and other resources on this website. Instead of simply voting for an item and having the majority of the group getting their way, a consensus group is committed to finding solutions that everyone actively supports - or at least can live with.This makes sure that all opinions, ideas and concerns are taken into account. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. http://www.GroupFacilitation.net. Q: What happens when a decision needs to be made and it is clear just one or two people are determined to block the decision? Not everyone may agree exactly, word for word, but by going with the spirit of the decision to be made, all have agreed on one forward action. These include: An Alternative to Common Decision Making Practices It differs from majority decision making, such as that used in democratic elections, in that, instead of taking a vote for an item where the majority dominates, a group using consensus is committed to finding solutions that everyone can accept. Consensus decision-making is a decision-making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also to resolve or mitigate the objections of the minority to achieve the most agreeable decision. So dominant is the majority rules approach that its forgotten that consensus decision-making is far older than what passes for democracy. It is a process that attempts to recognize and account for the differing, legitimate interests of its 14 member governments. In working consensus with a group of people, it is not only necessary to acquire and demonstrate the attitudes and qualities necessary for consensus, but also to have the skills to facilitate successful and productive meetings. Demonstrating consensus decision making as an effective component of a Highest Good society, when conducted by people with the consciousness for The Highest Good of All, is a path to positive and permanent global change. We believe consensus is an essential part of the community maintenance process, a foundation for a sustainable society, a key part of what we desire to share as part of our open source blueprint, and a commitment like no other to Oneness and working together for The Highest Good of All concerned. Consensus decision-making is a fundamental principle which has been accepted as the sole basis for decision-making in NATO since the creation of the Alliance in 1949. Increases will be made when sufficient votes (starting with 70%+) agree we are ready. * To ensure we are always aligned with our purpose, values, and mission, One Community uses the values as defined by our organization as the compass for all our decision making; we then factor in the diversity of individual perspectives and experiences. More than just acceptance, this requires understanding of self and others. A consensus decision does not necessarily reflect complete unanimity. The Principles of Consensus Decision Making The input and ideas of all participants are gathered and synthesized to arrive at a final decision acceptable to all. Collaborative: The group constructs proposals with input from all interested group members. The Principles of Consensus Decision Making Consensus decision making is a process used by groups seeking to generate widespread levels of participation and agreement. Consensus building is the social process of obtaining general or widespread agreement for a principle, goal, strategy, plan, rule, decision or design. We need to have safety to fully participate, and full participation creates safety. The questions above and our current approach are being used as we continue to hone our skills as a group so that every individual fully understands and is able to apply and embody all of the following essential foundations required for consensus decision making*: In addition to all this, after complete discussion and collaboration, and before a consensus decision is made, each individual is asked “are you complete” to make sure no further discussion or input is desired. Consensus decision-making is thus concerned primarily with that process. Let’s change our traditional attitudes to the attitude that we can make it work for everyone. A process by which a group mind emerges from individual input, A way to synthesize various ideas or perspectives into a uniquely new outcome, A selection among alternative, competing proposals, A forum for egotism, manipulation, or “power over”. If everyone is then complete, the consensus decision is made. Step 1 of this process will be the option for any individual to call for an 80% majority vote to end discussion if it seems all points have been heard, all options explored, and complete inflexibility exists in a small enough minority that an 80% majority vote can be achieved. Here are some of the most important factors that improve the chances of successfully reaching unanimity: Using Other Decisions Rules with a Consensus Process What is consensus? When group leaders or majority factions reject proposals that have been developed with widespread agreement of a group, the goals of the process will not be realized. Groups that require unanimity allow individual participants the option of blocking a group decision. Participants are encouraged to voice their personal perspectives fully so that the group benefits from hearing all points of view. CCME has identified consensus decision-making as one of its fundamental operating principles. by Tim Hartnett The goals of requiring unanimity are only fully realized when a group is successful in reaching it. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a The process of group deliberation, however, has many common elements that are definitive of consensus decision making. Nor does it foster whole group collaboration and the inclusion of minority concerns in resulting proposals. Consensus decision making is the process used to generate widespread agreement within a group. These include: Participatory: All participants are allowed a chance to contribute to the discussion. We will test a small version of the large-scale consensus model with the first 20 people on the property and the goal to work our way up from 70% majority voting to 90% or more during those people’s first 2-3 months. Sometimes it is difficult to come to join, efficient decision making in a group or team. You create a new model and make the old one obsolete. Further, they believe group decision making may become stagnated by the high threshold of unanimity. Consensus decision making works well when you need a high level of support from the team and you have time to lay the groundwork for a successful decision making meeting, when leading change in a group where you lack role power, and in situations where the group is unsure who can or should make a decision. This briefing includes sections on quick decision making, consensus in large groups and consensus troubleshooting. This system eliminates the possibility of any obstructionist individual(s) from blocking a decision while also assuring we maintain our commitment to the values of consensus described above on this page. Debate Over Decision Rules Consensus is a decision-making process that works creatively to include all persons making the decision. Consensus decision making is a creative and dynamic way of reaching agreement between all members of a group. They value the commitment to reaching unanimity and the full collaborative effort this goal requires. Explore the issue: At this stage, you want to gather all inputs and ideas without delving into one suggestion in detail. It offers the opportunity for a new kind of citizen-based politics to emerge. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These are symbols that our hearts are open and we have begun to share in a greater wisdom than any one of us possess individually such that we can make decisions that work for everyone. The richness of social consensus comes in part from the intimacy collaborators are willing to cultivate with each other. Participants well trained in consensus process, Participants willing to put the best interest of the group before their own, Participants willing to spend sufficient time in meetings, Skillful facilitation and agenda preparation. Unlike majority rule, which expects those expressing disagreement to cooperate when they “lose” the vote, consensus seeks cooperation among all before the decision is made, thus a higher level decision is available and cooperation is more easily accomplished. Many people believe that consensus is the same thing as unanimous agreement, but this is not necessarily the case. The goal of Robert’s Rules is to structure the debate and passage of proposals that win approval through majority vote. To ensure that the 50+ group ends up operating at full-consensus sooner rather than later, all members must be present (no more delegation of voting) after their 90-day mark and until full-consensus (as outlined by the Community Planet model for large group) is adopted and participation becomes 100% optional. Consensus decision-making is a process that builds trust and creates ownership and commitment. 1. Consensus (Decision Making) What is Consensus Decision Making? This public service website seeks to provide free, in-depth education on the topic. In decision making at One Community, the core value of “Consensus” is applied by asking ourselves the following three key questions: One Community’s Path to Consensus page discusses how we are organizing and making decisions now. Consensus is usually defined as meaning both: a) general agreement, and b) the process of getting to such agreement. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a group decision. True intimacy embraces loving, caring, and sharing in a demonstrable, tangible way. 3. Important decisions may take too long to make, or the status quo may become virtually impossible to change. Some key guidelines for consensus decision making are: Approach the decision on the basis of logic and reason. Not everyone may agree exactly, word for word, but by going with the spirit of the decision to be made, all have agreed on one forward action, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. That being said, consensus requires participants having the maturity of consciousness that they do not run their hidden agendas to block the group from making decisions, That a group consensus can be overturned or altered only by another group consensus, 1st 45 days: 70% majority vote to make decisions (35 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), 2nd 45 days: 85% majority vote to make decisions (43 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), Full consensus* from the 90-day mark forward with participation optional. Consensus is defined as "an opinion or position reached by a group as a whole" by the American Heritage Dictionary.Consensus decision making is the process used to generate widespread agreement within a group. This is the process of making decisions based on the premise that each group member is satisfied with the decision. “Consensus is like a symphony. Listen to … This process does not emphasize the goal of full agreement (as consensus does). Consensus: Consensus decision-making ensures that all input and ideas from a group or team are considered until a final decision that is acceptable to all emerges. In disputed situations or situations where emotions have become involved, the consciousness for The Highest Good of All has been forgotten or put aside. cooperative process in which all group members develop and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole Inner safely addresses our willingness to look at our patterns, concerns, feelings, fears, etc., make them known to ourselves, and be willing to work with them in a constructive and loving way. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a group decision. 3.2. Requiring two or more people to block for a proposal to be put aside. A consensus decision does not necessarily reflect complete unanimity. Consensus decision making is an alternative to commonly practiced non-collaborative decision making processes. Time modelling consensus approaches. No, the consensus process outlined above and on the Consensus for Groups of 200+ page will be used to identify which decisions should be made by consensus and which decisions are better made by groups or individuals. As the field of group facilitation has evolved, more detailed models of consensus decision making have been developed. This will create additional pressure and assure everyone is involved in the process of resolving whatever issues are limiting our ability to implement full consensus. A consensus based decision-making process is an effort in which affected parties (stakeholders) seek to reach agreement on a course of action to address an issue or set of related issues. A specific definition of consensus may be spelled out in a team's ground Finalizing a Decision Individual instruments express their differences, but, in working together for The Highest Good, those instruments can create so much more.”, Jack Reed – The Community Planet Foundation. It is a process that attempts to recognize and account for the differing, legitimate interests of its 14 member governments. In contrast, "majority rules" voting overrides minority concerns, without regard for the effect on the group’s long-term unity. The level of agreement necessary to finalize a decision is known as a decision rule. It maximizes opportunities to resolve differences and to reach agreement on workable solutions. Based on experience and training, One Community considers the following as keys to what consensus is: Likewise, we feel it is valuable for people to clearly understand what consensus isn’t: One Community’s definition of consensus can further be expanded to include these finer and more complex points: There are two basic keys to the consensus decision making process: learning the techniques, and holding the consciousness to work the techniques successfully. The basic model involves collaboratively generating a proposal, identifying unsatisfied concerns, and then modifying the proposal to generate as much agreement as possible. The founding team of One Community has been specifically trained in consensus by One Community consultants Dr. Connie Stomper and Jack Reed (author of The Next Evolution). Making decisions work for all of us requires that we really get to know each other-how we think and feel, what our values are, etc. Consensus is different from other types of decision making because it emphasizes the cooperative development of a decision with group members working together rather than competing against each other. There are multiple stepwise models of how to make decisions by consensus. Tim emphasizes the importance of both participation and efficiency in decision making, two potentially conflicting goals that are both honored by the CODM approach in a creative and effective way. Consensus decision making is a process to make decisions based on trust, honesty, respect, inclusiveness and equal sharing of power. We can all win. Consensus doesn’t work when the right to veto is allowed. Functional teams to an agreement, general agreement, and full participation creates safety of building group relationships: )... 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