Further, Westcott and Hort agreed that the “common text” (Byzantine text) had at its root a text that was as old as – or older than – their oldest manuscripts (Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus).  Again, the only reason they didn’t give them any weight was because they (incorrectly) believed the Byzantine text was a combination of the Western and Alexandrian Text types. The only limitation is if someone change the words in the WEB to create a new translation. 🙂 )  Both Textual Variants are meaningful, but it’s nearly impossible for them to be original (they aren’t viable). The vast majority of them (mostly 10,000 Vulgate copies) do not affirm the Byzantine text. changes,  and conclude it is systematic and  Eminent scholars such as E. C. Colwell, G. D. Kilpatrick, and Kurt and Barbara Aland maintained, respectively, that “The overwhelming majority of readings,” “almost all variants,” and “practically all the substantive variants in the text of the New Testament” existed before the year 200.  Nevertheless the Hortian text has not been overthrown. However important the early papyri, or a particular uncial, or a minuscule may be, the total number of full disagreements in the 28th edition ofÂ. Majority Text advocates will typically argue that the earliest Byzantine manuscripts were lost because no other climate on earth is as favorable for preserving documents as Egypt.  Thus, they say there were Byzantine Text type manuscripts elsewhere, but they didn’t survive because the climate wasn’t as suitable for preservation.  That’s definitely possible – maybe even likely – but by no means certain. It’s curious that Codex Vaticanus is given the position of “most important” when the actual quality of the transcription leaves something to be desired. In the Gospels alone, Vaticanus has 197 particular readings, while Sinaiticus has 443. (Sort of). Note: it will sound like I’m strongly biased in favor of the Majority Text while I present the “pro” side of the argument.  I’m not. Treating the Textus Receptus as if it is the original text resolves the question, “If … Reasoned Eclecticism / Critical Text Conclusion, The Mathematical Case for The Majority Text, However, Some say this mathematical model is Wrong. 1633 (Elzevir) edited by Jeremias Hoelzlin, Professor of Greek at Leiden. If you’d like a sampling of these differences, this page has a list with almost 300 of these variations at the bottom.  To be clear, this list isn’t exhaustive.  However it’s a good representation of the differences and contains many of the major points of variation.  You can read the full list here, but it contains the actual Greek variations so you’ll need to know Greek to read it. we’ll need some words so Medium = Byzantine Text type, characterized by near-identical form over 1000+ years, and most manuscripts are of this type, Long/paraphrase = Western Text type, characterized by its “love of paraphrase” is like the “uncontrolled popular text” of Homer. Further, remember that 99% of Textual Variants don’t change the meaning, even if they are original. Isaiah 7:14 (Only 1:35 long, starting at about 0:53). The reference works below, compiled by Les Before we look at each theory though, we need to understand what are called “text types”. The context would determine which of the two meanings are to be used. Praise ye the LORD. O Jerusalem, There are three major competing Greek sources to use for translating the New Testament: the Critical Text, the Majority Text, and the Textus Receptus.   The science of assembling these manuscripts is called “Textual Criticism”, and you can consider this a complete Textual Criticism 101 article because we’ll look at these topics in exhaustive detail. “Prepare the way of the Lord; The WEB’s “over her own head” betrays a feminist bent by the translators, and looking at some of the their footnotes in other places confirms this bias. I’ve been running a WEB/ASV parallel Bible and the WEB cleverly updates the ASV, without sacrificing accuracy.” Quoted from “biblemegasite.com”. The Majority Text vs. 2 “Speak comfort to Jerusalem, and cry out to her, While the name was originally only applied to the 1633 printing of Elzevir’s Greek text, it eventually came to include all of them.  The first was Erasmus’ though, so let’s take a closer look at it. )  In fact, the primary author/editor of the modern Critical Text (Kurt Aland) said this: “B is by far the most significant of the uncials” – Kurt Aland, Source: “The Text of the New Testament” By Aland, (Note: “Uncials” is the plural of “uncial”, which refers to an all capital font.  We have four nearly complete Uncial manuscripts dating from before the year 1000.  These four are often called the “Great Uncial Manuscripts“). Literally this means: because of this ought the woman authority to have over the head because of the angels. Within the Traditional Text views, there are those who hold to a Majority Text position, those who hold to the Textus Receptus, those who hold to an Ecclesiastical Text, and those who hold to Byzantine Priority. From Europe to the Near East, the Textus Receptus was derived from 95% of the Bible manuscripts that are referred to in common as the Majority Text, Byzantine Text, Antiochan Text, Authorized Version, etc. You said applying verses 10 to male authority doesn’t make sense, but it makes perfect sense. Westcott & Hort believed that any place where those two manuscripts agreed: “…should be accepted as the true readings until strong internal evidence is found to the contrary,”. The [fourth-century] text of Chrysostom and other Syrian [= Byzantine] fathers … [is], must have had in the greater number of extant variations, The overwhelming majority of readings,” “almost all variants,” and “practically all the substantive variants in the text of the New Testament”, The criticism of the Homeric epics proceeds on much the same line, The shorter form in Homer is considered to reflect Alexandrian critical know-how and. Many Christians who could not withstand the persecution handed over their Scriptures to the authorities to be publicly burned. Virgin Birth NASB KJV NKJV ESV, Not a scholar but just a few thoughts Let’s assume – for the sake of argument – that the Majority Text is essentially identical to the original. Further, there’s no possible way that hippioi (horses) was intended.  It was a simple scribal error, easily noticed and just as easily corrected.  (With a good chuckle. The scribe’s line of sight skips from the first instance of the word “text” to the second instance of the word “text”, accidentally skipping everything in between (the red text in the example).  This is a well-known, well-documented scribal error, even having its own name.  You might’ve even made this error yourself, just not on New Testament manuscripts. I too am a Textus Receptus/Majority Text guy. I appreciated that as well so my restless self could know I would be a minute. (Others disagree, but we’ll get to those arguments later. That is why it is also called the Majority Text. The two words “textum” and “receptum” were changed from the Latin accusative case (direct object) to the Latin nominative case (subject) to render it “Textus Receptus”. (We’ll come back to it later.). The primary Greek source for the King James Version was the 1598 version of Theodore Beza’s Greek New Testament. The Bible: 66 books vs 73 and Why (the “Apocrypha” Explained), Lobegott Friedrich Constantin (von) Tischendorf, You can read Tischendorf’s entire account of finding it – in his own words – here. However, things change if you include the Latin manuscripts we’ve found.  If you do, the Majority Text would look radically different than the mostly pure Byzantine Majority Text that currently comprises the Majority Text.  It would likely end up looking like an Alexandrian/Byzantine hybrid. Despite the Byzantine text type being vindicated by extremely early manuscript findings, there remains a persistent bias against Byzantine readings for no apparent reason. Persecution under Septimus Severus (202-210). For example.  I’m writing this paragraph very early in the morning. (Though there’s an abundance of Latin manuscripts). And gently lead those who are with young. ), Further, this method of disproving the Majority Text makes an incorrect assumption: that errors are tenacious, i.e. The odds of all the scribes making the same error are extremely low.  Even if two scribes (40%) did, the majority of scribes (60%) will have preserved the correct reading. The Majority Text position does have some strong arguments for it.  The idea that Scribes chose to copy better manuscripts makes perfect sense.  Further, the Byzantine texts went 1000+ years with manuscripts changing very little.  It’s not hard to imagine they were fairly pure for the ~300 additional years it would take to get back to the originals. П™‚Â we can broadly class all Textual Variants are meaningful, even they! Main reasons 1 must always begin from the Textual criticism could be the... Intentional mistranslation is unfounded 2nd generation: 2 correct copies, 1 Peter 3, 1 incorrect (... 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