… Scott, in the meantime, had reached the South Pole on January 17, but on a difficult return journey he and all his men perished. On their way back the crew died due to bad weather and insufficient food supplies. This clue was last seen on Daily Celebrity Crossword September 8 2018 In case the clue doesn’t fit or there’s something wrong please contact us! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Roald Amundsen is the person called first person to reach the south pole. Step 1 : Introduction to the question "Which of these explorers was the first person to reach the South Pole?" Quiz - Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). With funds resulting from his Antarctic adventure, Amundsen established a successful shipping business. His expedition was a success, with five of the mission/expedition (Amundsen, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel and Oscar Wisting) arriving at the pole on December 14, 1911, beating Robert Falcon Scott (another English explorer) and his ill-fated party by thirty-five days.They left a small tent … He was the first person to reach both the North and South Poles. Amundsen got there first by a different route, just one month ahead. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What were the circumstances that surrounded Roald Amundsen’s death? On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. On Dec. 14, 1911, Roald Amundsen and four fellow Norwegian explorers became the first men to reach the South Pole, beating the ill-fated team of British Capt. This achievement whetted his appetite for the spectacular in polar exploration. “Antarctic history is peopled by true heroes: Amundsen, Shackleton, and the tragic Robert Falcon Scott, who experienced one of the greatest disappointments in the annals of exploration when he reached the South Pole in 1912 to find the Norwegian flag flying there. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? Both claimed to be first to reach the North Pole on foot. Let's find possible answers to "First person to reach the South Pole" crossword clue. If there’s one thing about the North Pole everyone agrees on is that Roald Amundsen (of South Pole fame) was the first to ever reach it by airship in 1926. Corrections? Looking for something else? In 1903, with a crew of six on his 47-ton sloop Gjøa, Amundsen began his mission to sail through the Northwest Passage and around the northern Canadian coast. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Terribly discouraged after a tortuous journey, all members perish on the return trip. Consequently, he began dressing and living like them. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. He reached the Bay of Whales in the vessel Fram. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and was the first person to visit both the North and South Pole. He was a chief disciple of the 19th century Indian Mystic Ramakrishna. The Three Poles is an adventurer’s challenge to reach the North Pole, the South Pole, and the summit of Mount Everest. Swami Vivekananda born as Narendranath Datta was as an Indian Hindu Monk. His drive must have come from other sources as well. Disputes over the credit for the flight embittered his final years. Amundsen Becomes First to Reach South Pole, December 14, 1911 Under the command of Roald Amundsen, the South Pole was discovered 100 years … Both claimed to be first to reach the North Pole on foot. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. In the early 1910s, explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott engaged in a frantic, and ultimately tragic, race to be the first man to reach the South Pole. They flew in a First … 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. Like many other explorers, Amundsen said he was inspired by Fridtjof Nansen, who led the first team to reach the interior of Greenland. Looking for something else? Roald Amundsen (July 16, 1872-June 22, 1928) was a Norwegian polar explorer who was the first person to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible (May 11-13, 1926) and was the first person to reach the South Pole. To transport his supplies, he used sled dogs, while Scott depended on Siberian ponies. 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. This was the same news that Amundsen would hear as he was preparing to make the North Pole. He was the first explorer to transit the Northwest Passage (1903–05), the first to reach the South Pole (1911), and the first to fly over the North Pole in an airship (1926). crossword clue. Before heading north again, they celebrated their achievement with double rations. When British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition arrived at the South Pole on the morning of January 18, 1912, they found the Norwegian flag flying over it. When Amundsen left Norway in June 1910 no one but his brother knew that he was heading for the South Pole instead of the North. Amundsen’s books included The South Pole (1912) and, with Ellsworth, First Crossing of the Polar Sea (1927). Many features only work on your mobile device. 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. Robert F. Scott by just over a … The first dogs to reach the South Pole as well as the first men Polar transport Key to Amundsen's success in reaching the South Pole first was the effective use of dog teams, enough teams of the correct types of dogs, enough of the right kind of food for them and enough team members who were skilled in operating the teams. Amundsens’s Norwegian expedition arrived safely at their base camp on January 25, 1912. … Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. Amundsen had planned to be the first man to the North Pole, however when he heard that Robert Peary already reached the North Pole, he decided to pursue the South Pole. He recognized that many of the previous (and failed) attempts to travel to the Arctic shared a common characteristic: “The commanders of these expeditions had not always been ships’ captains.” He resolved to become an experienced navigator and soon took jobs as a deck hand on various ships. He was the first explorer to transit the Northwest Passage (1903–05), the first to reach the South Pole (1911), and the first to fly over the North Pole in an airship (1926). He acquired a new ship, the Maud, and tried in 1918 to complete his old plan of drifting across the North Pole, but he was forced to abandon this scheme in favour of trying to reach the North Pole by airplane. Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. Amundsen and his crew resumed the journey in August 1906 and were greeted with a heroes’ welcome when the expedition concluded in Nome, Alaska, later that month. Roald Amundsen, the first person to reach the South Pole – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Also on board was the American Dr. Frederick Cook (1865–1940), who had been on one of Robert E. Peary’s (1856–1920) earlier Arctic expeditions and who would, in 1909, dispute Peary’s claim that he was the first to reach the North Pole. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). This is a web preview of the "The Handy History Answer Book" app. As it turned out, a race was on between the Norwegians and the British: Shortly after Amundsen had set sail, naval officer Robert Falcon Scott (1868–1912) had left England at the head of an expedition to reach the South Pole. Looking for something else? His exploration was such a great risk that he ended up having eight of his toes amputated. What’s more, he was the first person to lead an expedition to traverse the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. Behind the News. TheBlueFox TheBlueFox The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, in 1911. Robert Falcon Scott, the Brit, and Roald Amundsen, from Norway, sailed their ships Terra Nova and Fram in an effort to be the first to the South Pole. During the 19thCentury, many explorers used European methods of exploring. They flew in a First … Upon learning of the success of Peary’s 1909 expedition, Amundsen shifted his sights to reaching the South Pole instead, and quietly began to lay plans to do so. Ernest Shackleton led the British Imperial Antarctic Expedition in an effort to be the first to reach the South Pole. Get the App. Amundsen set out with 4 companions, 52 dogs, and 4 sledges on October 19, 1911, and, after encountering good weather, arrived at the South Pole on December 14. Amundsen, Umberto Nobile (the pilot and designer of the airship), and Lincoln Ellsworth flew from Spitsbergen to Alaska, becoming the first people to definitely reach the North Pole. Amundsen’s next plan, to drift across the North Pole in Fridtjof Nansen’s old ship, the Fram, was affected by the news that the American explorer Robert E. Peary had reached the North Pole in April 1909, but he continued his preparations. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was also one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. When he was a young man of 21, he turned his attention away from the study of medicine to making an Arctic passage. In 1928 Roald Amundsen lost his life flying to rescue Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, whom he had accompanied in a dirigible flight over the North Pole in 1926, from a dirigible crash at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. Lawrence Oates. On this page you will find the solution to Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ernest-Henry-Shackleton He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as … 1911 – South Pole. In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. In a flight (1925) with the American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth he arrived to within 150 miles (250 km) of the pole. He would travel using sled dogs, he built igloos, and wore heavy fur. NEW YORK CITY — In 1910, two men set out to be the first to reach the South Pole in a race that would be both heroic and tragic. After the magnetic south was discovered, the competition really got intense. The first person to reach all three locations was Edmund Hillary . In 1897 Amundsen was chosen as the first mate on the Belgica, the ship that would carry the first Belgian Antarctic expedition under the command of Adrien Gerlache de Gomery (1866–1934). The explorers recorded scientific data at the pole before beginning the return journey on December 17, and they safely reached their base at the Bay of Whales on January 25, 1912. Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. It was not until 10 months later, on December 14, 1911, on a sunny afternoon, that they raised their country’s flag at the spot their calculations told them was the South Pole. Omissions? Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. He was Norwegian. … Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Roald-Amundsen, Public Broadcasting Service - Alone on the Ice - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Famous Explorers - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Royal Museums Greenwich - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Roald Amundsen - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Roald Amundsen - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). To their dismay, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had reached there first. They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. As a teen, he is said to have slept with his bedroom windows open year-round in order to become accustomed to the cold. During the struggle to reach their home camp on the way home from the Pole, Lawrence Oates became ill. Answer: Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was the first person to reach the South Pole and to sail around the world through the Northwest passage. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. First person to reach the South Pole. The Norwegians landed at Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, on February 10, 1911. Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott were locked in a desperate race to reach the South Pole first. Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1903 Roald Amundsen and his crew aboard the sloop Gjøa began a mission to sail through the Northwest Passage and around the northern Canadian coast. The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole. He is best known for his speech which began as "Sisters and brothers of America... at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. He reached the top of Everest in May 1953, summited the South Pole in January 1958, and made it to the North Pole in company with Neil Armstrong in April 1985. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. Peary and his ally Henson had to abort their mission to the North Pole twice in 1895 and 19… Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was first to reach the South Pole, in December 1911. Let's find possible answers to "First person to reach the South Pole" crossword clue. However, the next overland expedition to the South Pole was not made until 1958, more than 40 years after Amundsen and Scott's deadly race. He was the first man to go to the South Pole. In 1897 he sailed as first mate on the Belgica in a Belgian expedition that was the first to winter in the Antarctic. Occupation: Explorer Born: July 16, 1872 in Borge, Norway Died: June 18, 1928 during a rescue attempt Best known for: First man to visit the South Pole Biography: Roald Amundsen (1872 - 1928) was an explorer of the North and South Poles. However, the next overland expedition to the South Pole was not made until 1958, more than 40 years after Amundsen and Scott's deadly race. The South Pole was first reached at 11 a.m. on 14 December 1911 by a Norwegian party of five men led by Captain Roald Amundsen (Norway, 1872-1928), after a 53-day march with dog sledges from the Bay of Whales. After using motorized sleds, ponies, and dogs, and then hauling their own sled through the harsh terrain, Scott and his four companions (Wilson, Bowers, Oates, and Evans) arrived at the South Pole on January 17, 1912. Finding the North Pole is tricky. They reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, overwintered at Herschel Island in the Yukon, and arrived in Nome, Alaska, in August 1906 to a heroes’ welcome. However, Peary had a unique approach towards exploration. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was first to reach the South Pole, in December 1911. Amundsen spent 99 days racing Robert Scott, an English naval officer, to the South Pole. First person to reach the South Pole. Question: Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? TheBlueFox TheBlueFox The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, in 1911. Amundsen studied medicine for a while and then took to sea. Terribly discouraged after a tortuous journey, all members perish on the return trip. He reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, completing his transit of the passage proper, before ice halted his westerly progress for the winter at Herschel Island in the Yukon the following month. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ...On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. He was accompanied by 15 fellow explorers and, if all other claims were indeed fraudulent, the group would then have been the very first to have reached the North Pole, by any which way. NEW YORK CITY — In 1910, two men set out to be the first to reach the South Pole in a race that would be both heroic and tragic. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. The base he set up there was 60 miles (100 km) closer to the pole than the Antarctic base of the English explorer Robert Falcon Scott, who was heading a rival expedition with the same goal. 1911 – South Pole. In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. Americans weren’t far behind: John Davis, a sealer and explorer, was the first person to step foot on Antarctic land in 1821. Race to the pole. The first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole was led by the Norwegian. He sailed the Fram directly from the Madeira Islands to the Bay of Whales, Antarctica, along the Ross Sea. Roald Amundsen becomes first explorer to reach the South Pole Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. Loading... Unsubscribe from Behind the News? In 1928 Amundsen lost his life in flying to rescue Nobile from a dirigible crash near Spitsbergen. Looking for something else? They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. Cancel Unsubscribe. Roald, the first person to reach the South Pole SCOTT WWT Slimbridge founder who designed the WWF panda logo and created the IUCN red list; an Olympic sailing medallist whose father died attempting to be the first to reach the South Pole (5) American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. The first person to reach the South Pole was Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, said Ross MacPhee, a curator in the American Museum of Natural History in New York and author of Race To the End: Amundsen, Scott, and the Attainment of the South Pole (Sterling Publishing, 2010). In 1926, with Ellsworth and the Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, he passed over the North Pole in a dirigible, crossing from Spitsbergen (now Svalbard), north of Norway, to Alaska. He was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. Finding the North Pole is tricky. Roald Amundsen at the South Pole, December 1911. An experienced polar traveler, Amundsen prepared carefully for the coming journey, making a preliminary trip to deposit food supplies along the first part of his route to the pole and back. In fact, it was not until his expedition, which left Oslo in September 1910, was under way that he telegraphed his announcement back to Norway that he was in fact headed to the South, not the North, Pole. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer who became the first man to reach the South Pole when he successfully led an Antarctic expedition to the dangerous terrain on which no man had set foot previously. 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